Our History

Children of Incarcerated Caregivers (CIC) was formed when a group of professionals—including lawyers, scholars, and community activists—got together and realized they shared a common concern: promoting the best interests of children whose parents become involved in the criminal justice system.

Today, this diverse group of well-established community members and leaders makes up the CIC board.

The Prison Nursery Project

The Minneapolis-based non-profit was founded in 2015 and initially had a different name—The Prison Nursery Project. The first group of CIC interns (an interdisciplinary team of five advanced undergraduate and graduate students) began their summer internship in June of 2015 with a plan to focus on researching prison nurseries.

When it became apparent that prison nurseries were only a part of the story, the interns changed course and expanded their research to examine the consequences of parental separation that typically accompanies parental incarceration in the United States, as well as the costs and benefits to community-based alternatives to incarceration.

Hence, the organization chose a new name, Children of Incarcerated Caregivers (CIC), to match the new focus. Reports generated by the summer interns were presented at CIC’s first annual community forum at the Weisman Art Museum on the University of Minnesota campus.

An Unexpected Discovery

In 2016, the second group of interns experienced a similar shift in specific research focus. They began with the goal of investigating the quality of correctional visitation and its impact on children.

However, when they began to examine the visitation policies existing in jails and prisons across the state, they realized that there was a more pressing issue that needed to be addressed: The difficulty families faced navigating visitation instructions found on the websites of Minnesota jails and prisons. Publicly available information about how to visit jails and prisons was unclear.

Two of the 2016 interns took on the task of writing up a report that analyzed jail and prison websites in Minnesota and created an infographic to depict their findings. Their work has been shared with other organizations including the Association of Minnesota Counties working group that focuses on parental incarcerations’ impact on families. This collaboration is an example of how CIC uses its research to influence and support work of others in the community with similar goals.

Two others—in keeping with CIC’s model of drawing from experiences of other organizations in the U.S. and abroad—looked at innovations in visitation programs occurring in Europe and South America and generated a second report and infographic. A fifth intern created a digital library that includes links and descriptions of videos focusing on children of incarcerated caregivers, a notably missing resource.

The findings from these reports were presented at the second annual CIC research presentation.

In 2017, two CIC summer interns created an in-depth report on the harms of parental incarceration. The report and a fact sheet of key points have been distributed to professionals working in the criminal justice system.

One summer intern expanded on CIC’s research and looked at the impact that parental detention during immigration proceedings has on children.

A fourth intern painstakingly researched modes of public transportation to and from Minnesota prisons. This evaluation demonstrated the hardship faced by families without vehicles who hope to visit a loved one in prison.

Looking Ahead

In 2018, CIC will continue to build on the work done in previous years: continuing to provide training and creating awareness of the harms of parental incarceration and the benefits of alternatives; expanding research and advocacy to include an investigation of harms children suffer when parents are detained in immigration proceedings; partnering with educators to look for ways to support children whose parents are incarcerated; and supporting initiatives to provide transportation and a better experience for children who want to visit their incarcerated parents.